Retired Professor’s Year in Iraq, Sheds new light on Unpopular War


Post 9-11, Americans perceived the war in Iraq as generally unsuccessful, and left our nation with a negative opinion about our country’s role in Iraq, but what if we had been there?  Would our opinion change if we really understood?

Dr. James Mayfield is a retired political science professor at the University of Utah and author of “The Enigma of Iraq”. He specializes in local government systems, specifically in Muslim countries, and has spent the last 30 years focusing on training mayors, bureaucrats and other local government officials for better local government planning across the Middle East. Because of his expertise he was selected by the Bush Administration to spend a year in Iraq.

Dr. Mayfield arrived two weeks after the war ended, in May of 2003, his task: to prepare a country in shambles for their first democratic elections after the treacherous regime of Saddam Hussein.

Contrary to the violent, chaotic images Americans were exposed to over and over again in the press, Dr. Mayfield’s headquarters were in a peaceful, picturesque village called Hillah. The site of the ancient city of Babylon, Hillah is located on the bank of the Euphrates River in the South Central region of Iraq.

“I traveled all over Iraq in the countryside, never was shot at, never saw any violence…(the Iraqis) were so happy we were there,” Dr. Mayfield explained, out of the 1500 districts in the whole country, 95 percent of the violence was occurring in less than 10 percent of these districts, mainly in Baghdad.

Of the 14 providences in Iraq, Dr. Mayfield was in charge of five and immediately he set to work to train Iraqi staff and establish a functioning local government. He had a staff of 40 Americans and about 150 Iraqis, all of whom had advanced degrees and half spoke English well.

Once Dr. Mayfield and his staff had divided their providences into voting districts and elected counsels, who then selected members of state parliament­—his next focus was to help local bureaucrats make decisions. They were accustomed to being told what to do, so it was an entirely a new way of thinking Dr. Mayfield said, “That was really a big challenge, they were waiting for Baghdad to tell them what to do.”

The top leaders of Hussein’s regime were let go, but the U.S. government hired many officials who had previously worked under Saddam, they spoke English well and were very competent. The fact that they could communicate was a huge factor; Dr. Mayfield was “saddened by the Americans in Baghdad, where 95 percent of them didn’t speak Arabic,” he gained the trust of many Iraqi’s because he could speak Iraqi-Arabic well, and he understood the Muslim culture.

The third and most challenging task for Dr. Mayfield: Developing and implementing a budget, “this is where we got into trouble because the American leaders in Baghdad felt like the decisions should be made in Baghdad. Terrible mistake,” Dr. Mayfield said.

An official budget was introduced on July 7, 2003 of which 65 percent was designated for Baghdad and only 35 percent to the providences. Dr. Mayfield remarked, that only 22 percent of the population lives in Baghdad and the remaining 78 percent live in the outside providences. By Aug. 7,Dr. Mayfield’s providences hadn’t received any of the funds, and even by the first of September only 10 percent of the designated 35 percent was dispersed.

“That budget problem in my opinion was one of the reasons for the back lash against Americans,” said Dr. Mayfield, the people appreciated that the Americans were there, but the problem was they were relying on the local government. Many of the local ministries still held ties to Saddam, and the Sunni were taking over again because they were whom the Americans were using.

Dr. Mayfield explained the different types of Muslims within Iraq, crucial to understanding the Iraqi people and their attitude towards Americans, as well as our attitudes towards Muslims and the Middle East in general. Like Christians there are different types of Muslims, each distinct.

Of the 25 million Iraqis, 65 percent are Shia Muslims, although they make up the majority of the country, the Sunni Muslims have traditionally had all control, even though they are a mere 15 percent of the population. Saddam Hussein, a Sunni Muslim, only gave positions of power to other Sunnis during his Regime. He persecuted the Shia, as well as the Curds, another Muslim culture in the North that make up the last 15 percent of the population.

The Shia were “ecstatic” when the Americans came, according to Dr. Mayfield they couldn’t wait to destroy the regime and have a new sense of freedom. “What most Americans don’t realize is that the people who were killing Americans were not Shia.” Dr. Mayfield said, “Most of the killing came from the Sunnis.”

The misconception in the states that the whole country of Iraq was anti-American was due to the Sunni extremists, mostly pro Saddam Hussein, who really wanted the American effort to fail so they could take over again.

As Americans, we don’t understand the difference between the Sunni and Shia, because of this we assumed that the Iraqi’s were against the proposed constitution because the Americans imposed it. This wasn’t the case.

Dr. Mayfield explained that many Americans don’t realize that although the majority of Iraqis are Shia Muslims, the rest of the Muslim countries are Sunni. In fact the only other country that has Shia as a majority is Iran. As a result many foreign Sunni extremist were coming across the border killing Shia Muslims and threatening them not to vote for the constitution, in fear they would lose power to the Americans.

Two years later and the constitution passed in 2005.  Although Dr. Mayfield was not there at the time he explained, with a glow of pride, that 97 percent of the people in his town voted in favor of the constitution. Not only that, but of the expected 10 percent turnout: 83 percent of the Curds voted in favor, 70 percent of the Shia, and even 40 percent of the Sunni­­­—all in favor of the constitution.

Today Dr. Mayfield has “ great hope for Iraq,” it has the second largest oil field next to Saudi Arabia, and the rich agriculture which it lacks.  At 76, he is still active in his NGO, Choice Humanitarian. The organization he started 30 years ago, aims to train village leaders how to recognize and identify need, then learn how to network and leverage in order to fulfill those needs.

Dr. Mayfield offers a perspective on the situation in Iraq, which the majority of Americans are blind to, his compassion for the Iraqis and Muslim culture brings new light to the importance of understanding a culture and its people before making stereotypes and generalizations.

Historian says rock climbing culture has lost social aspect

story by ELLEN LEWIS

“Climbers’ tales cast light on themselves and the central themes of their time, nature, technology, ect,” said an environmental historian during his guest lecture March 5 at the University of Utah Marriot Library.

“Climbing Alone: The Estranging Trend in Outdoor Sports” focused on how climbing, once a social sport, has evolved to be individualized through changes in technology and society’s attitudes toward nature.

“I would have never expected climbing to have such a interesting history,” said Courtney Gaylord. She attended the lecture because of her affiliation with Mountain Hardware and their sponsorship of professional climbers.  “It went from being ‘us’ to ‘me’, it says a lot about climbers, but also about sports in general.”

The problem today is we only focus on the story of heroes said Joseph E. Taylor, a published history professor at Simon Fraser University. Beginning his presentation with a film clip of the 1963 Everest Expedition, Taylor said the sport of climbing has not always been about individuals celebrating risk and pushing boundaries.

Up until the 1960s climbing was a collection of friends out to have fun, environmental clubs with a social focus including dinner parties and often times dating.

“What they did in nature was deeply related to what they did outside,” Taylor said. These “middle class white playgrounds” focused on relationships rather than the individual approach climbing takes today.

Starting in the 1960s, as standards of living were raised and technology increased, the social way of climbing began to die out. Climbers began to separate themselves as heroes Taylor said, and became less collective.

Athletes had their own cars and equipment so the clubs became less necessary. Climbers aimed to separate themselves as heroes. The sport became more of a lifestyle than an activity.

“The ‘us’ had been lost in climbing culture,” Taylor said. Climbers went as far as breaking laws and living in Yosemite Park so they could climb full time.

Taylor’s lecture was based on his most recent book “Pilgrims of the Vertical: Yosemite Rock Climbers and Nature at Risk,” which won the National Outdoor Book Award for History.

Tall and clean cut, Taylor is a climber himself, and the historian in him drew him to find deeper themes within the climbing culture.

“[Utah] is the epicenter of the climbing and industry,” said Taylor. The lecture was hosted by the American West Center and Utah Humanities Council. Matt Bass, director of the American West Center brought Taylor here because of the local interest Utahans have in climbing.


Ellen Lewis




      University Of Utah, Salt Lake City

  • Senior
  • Mass Communication Journalism, Bachelor’s of Arts Degree


  • National Society of Collegiate Scholars



  • Current
  • Sales Associate
  • Customer Service, Styling, Point of Sale, Visual Design

      Foxley and Pignanelli Attorneys at Law

  • January 2009
  • Legislative Intern
  • Client Relations, Schedule, Event Coordinating


Ellen Lewis is a communications major at the University of Utah. She enjoys reading, classic movies and running with her dogs. She hopes to break into Magazine publishing after graduating.

K-UTE Coming out and Faces Opposition

Story by Sean Gustafson

Five local bands, one comedian, and two entire tables of radio merchandise appeared for one night this past Friday for the first ever Holiday Bash, a benefit concert for Operation Chimney Drop.

K-UTE Student Radio and Salt Lake Head Start teamed up to raise money and presents for needy children in the local area sponsored the concert.

The concert was originally meant to be at the Heritage Center located at the University of Utah campus, but it was relocated to the Officer’s Club on Fort Douglas Boulevard due to frustrating circumstances brought on by the Heritage Center.

Anna Anderson, the station manager at K-UTE Student radio said that the station had booked the concert two months ago with the Heritage Center but hours before the concert the Heritage Center decided to not allow the event to go on.

Anderson continued by saying that the station wanted to use the Heritage Center out of convenience for the people planning on attending. The Heritage Center would also be a centralized location for people around campus.

As of now it is unclear on the reason for the Heritage Center’s sudden change of mind on the benefit concert.

After the concert was booked at the Officer’s Club, a massive wave of emails, social media messages, and texts went out to inform people of the change of location.

Despite the chaos of changing venues, people stilled showed up to hear the bands play and donate gifts for the children from Operation Chimney Drop. According to an email describing the official results from Holiday Bash, there was 146 dollars raised in “cash donations.” Despite the loss of “foot traffic” because of the confusion there were over 70 people who attended the event.

The K-UTE has been no stranger to seeing difficulties after the 2007 controversy over a sex hotline being aired. In addition to the controversy, a series of vandalism broke out as well. This caused the entire station to be taken off the air.

Even with the station’s return the following year, K-UTE faces problems like rebuilding trust and regaining listenership in addition to possible budget cost.

To counter these difficulties, K-UTE has produced many PowerPoint advertisements that can be seen on the plasma screens found on campus at the A. Ray Olpin Union building and other buildings around campus.

K-UTE has also begun sponsoring free concerts for University Utah students, the first being the 2011 fall break. This was done with the hope of raising awareness of the station and the changes the station has made since its return.

Students were asked about their thoughts on the station and if there were any additional changes they, as listeners, would like to see. A majority of the students who were asked knew that the station existed but not much beyond that.

David McCall, a junior studying entertainment and game design said he it would be great to know “what’s going on [at the] school today.”

In addition to McCall’s statement, Valerie Martin and Rebecca Edwards, seniors studying biology said they would like to hear about opportunities on campus and school gossip.

For further information on K-UTE or their events, check out their homepage

Cyprus Basketball’s Future Looks Promising

Story by Marquis Newman

Cyprus Basketball’s Future Looks Promising

The 2011-2012 Cyprus boys basketball team has had a slow start to the season starting 0-3, but their future potential looks promising. This is due to a strong group of upcoming sophomores and the leadership of a talented junior, Connor Squire.

The Cyprus Pirates have struggled early in the season, losing to Jordan, West, and long time region rival Granger. This slow start hasn’t come as a shock due to the fact that the Pirates have no starters returning from last season. “It’s going to take a while for these kids to get the feel,” said head coach Robb Collins while discussing his team’s slow start.

Collins believes that his team will be ready to compete when it becomes time to start region play.

“We’re becoming more aware and getting a better understanding of my philosophy as a coach… we’ve got our work cut out for us, but if we focus on team chemistry and work together we can still be successful and go to the state tournament,” said Collins.

Part of Cyprus’s struggles this season is that they do not yet have a third scoring threat. Squire, point guard for the team, is averaging 16.67 points per game and senior forward Austin Henriod contributes by scoring 8.33 points per game, but after those two players Cyprus doesn’t have anybody else averaging more than 6 points. Defenses are able to game plan around stopping Henriod and Squire, and the rest of the team is not taking advantage of their opportunities.

Squire has played very well in the pirates’ first three games. Squire is the tenth leading scorer in 4A and has made 7 threes over that three game span. Squire said he believes “we can be a good team…if we play physical this year we can make [the state tournament].”

Squire has found that leading a team isn’t easy, especially as a junior. “The seniors sometimes don’t respect what I have to say… It’s a struggle to become a leader, all you can do is lead by example and not become frustrated when people screw up,” said Squire.

Squire has worked hard over the summer to make himself a better player, and it is obvious by his play on the court. “I realized what I needed to do to make myself better and I tried not to take any days off,” said Squire.

The coaching staff feels very optimistic about the future of this team with the emergence of what Collins calls “a very talented and athletic sophomore class.”

Point guard Josh Jackson and forward Parker Loutensock lead the sophomore group, both have played extensive varsity minutes this season.  Collins said that both sophomores are “recognizing that they can be big contributors to our team and are working very hard to get better in practice.”

“I think with the upcoming sophomores Cyprus has potential to be a good program,” said Tre Smith, the Cyprus Sophomore coach, former Cyprus player and former University of Utah basketball player.

Smith believes that if the sophomore group prioritizes school and basketball they will be pretty good. “We made the state tournament in 2010 with a really good group of kids and I see the same potential with our younger kids…I’m very excited to see what the future holds,” said Smith.

Come and Star Gaze

Story by,

Mitch Waite
Every Wednesday, the Department of Physics & Astronomy, at the University of Utah, hosts a weekly star party at the South Physics Observatory.

The star party is an outreach project to help participants gain and spread knowledge about the solar system.  The Department of Physics & Astronomy has expert students who assist visitors in viewing the stars.  The South Physics Observatory is the only one of its kind in Salt Lake City.

“Our primary goal when we [U. of U. physics students] decided to host the start party was to reach out to people who want to learn more about astronomy, but don’t know how or where to start,” said Paul Ricketts, currently a student at the University of Utah, who is in charge of the star gazing every Wednesday night.

When asked about the number of participants, Ricketts stated “We are still reaching out to visitors; we still have plenty of room in the observatory if that’s what you’re asking.  However, those that come are amazed by what they see, and are anxious to return the following week.”

Visitors for the star gazing can come for free, and the agenda each night is to look at the stars.  Cierra Blair is another physics student at the University of Utah who educates and assists at the parties.  Blair said “Initially we wanted to implement some kind of an agenda or educational curriculum to give every night at the star party, but we began to notice that we would get new visitors whose needs and knowledge was different from others.”

Blair further mentioned that setting an agenda each night became difficult.  The current plan for the star party is to invite visitors to come with questions about the solar system and astronomy in general.  “We set up the telescopes on certain spots in the sky and wait for people to come ready to ask and learn about certain aspects of the cosmos,” said Ricketts.

Located on the University of Utah campus, the South Physics Observatory has been in use for more than 50 years.  According to the observatory’s website, it was built on the roof of the South Physics building in 1976.  In 2001, The Willard L. Eccles Foundation donated funds to purchase new telescopes, cameras, a spectrograph, and other items for the observatory, which is now on the roof of the South Physics building.

On any given night, there are four to six telescopes set up in the observatory for looking through.  The observatory can fit anywhere from 20 to 30 people in it.  Ricketts mentions that he still hopes that they can reach the maximum amount of occupants for the observatory before the last party on December 14th.

The star party, hosted by the Physics & Astronomy Department of the University of Utah, is an opportunity to go and gain knowledge about the solar system.  In the South Physics Observatory, physics students are eager to educate and instruct participants on functions of the universe.  It is an outreach project that many of the U. of U. physics student’s hope will continue into the future and help the Physics & Astronomy Department gain more support.

The NBA Lockouts Impact on Salt Lake City Businesses

By Steven Blomquist

The NBA Lockouts Impact on Salt Lake City Businesses

The labor disagreement between the NBA and its players not only put the NBA season in jeopardy, but also raised concern in many small market areas about potential decline in revenue.
“The NBA lockout is not only affecting the players on the court but Salt Lake City businesses who rely on the Jazz fans for business” said local business and Jazz fan Mark Maybee.
Energy Solutions Arena can hold more than 19,911 fans. With the great influx of people coming downtown, many come early on game night to go to local restaurants, shop at stores and ride TRAX. All of which will see the effects.
Vincent V. Fonua, who has worked for the downtown Crown Burger for 3 years, said, “Crown burger and other restaurants will be for sure be affected by no Jazz season. It’s a usually are busiest part of the year.”
“Around 5 p.m. for about 2 hours we get a major rush,” right before the game starts around the corner from the arena. “It is great business for us. We do very well during Jazz season,” Fonua added.
“I have been a Jazz fan all my life. Going to games is a tradition I have with my brothers. We would always go Crown Burger to eat before the games and since the lockout I haven’t been to there,” said Jazz fan Mike Plant.
It’s not only the restaurants who suffer; it’s all those who rely on people coming downtown for games to make their business go.
Torry Austin, a local cab driver, said, “It’s not just restaurants that are seeing the effects. It’s parking revenue, it’s transportation revenues, it’s taxi cab rides.” Austin who has been a cab driver for over 20 years said, “Jazz season really allows me to make ends meet through the winter.”
Salt Lake is not the only city that has seen the effects of the lockout on the local economy. Fourteen other small market cities such as the Indianapolis, Memphis and Portland have also seen effects.
Salt Lake City Mayor Ralph Becker was one of 14 mayors in October who sent an open letter to league owners and players pleading their case for a season to take place for the sake of the local economies.
“It has created a huge strain,” Becker said. “I’m sure there are people who these part-time jobs at the arena make a difference in their ability to make end’s meet.” He added, “There are going to be economic casualties.”
On Nov. 26, the NBA and its players agreed on terms of a new collective bargain agreement. After missing all the preseason games and first 6 weeks of 2011-2012 play has been slated to start on Dec. 25.
While the NBA players celebrate their new deal they are not the only ones jumping for joy.  Local businesses also celebrate the end of the lockout, with the hope to make up for the lost profits

Resume for Steven Blomquist

Steven Blomquist

1896 Longview Drive
SLC, UT 84124    (801) 277-1981

Salt Lake Community College
Fall of 2006 and again in the spring and fall of 2009
University of Utah    Spring of 2010 – Present
GPA – 3.0
Olympus High School – Salt Lake City, Utah    2004-2006

Employment History:
Worked for the Bicycle Center in sales and building bikes 2000-present

Volunteer Experience and Campus Involvement:
County delegate in 2006 and again in 2010
Member of the Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity
Volunteer Church Representative – Toronto, Canada 2006-2008
Mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Under Tad R. Callister

Played Lacrosse in High School
Played Football in High School
Eagle Scout    2002

New Media: the Future of Journalism

Story by Kourtney Mather

With today’s technology, the reader is quickly becoming the journalist and vice-versa. This was the main topic of Thursday’s KUER live broadcast of “Radio West.”
In this broadcast, Doug Fabrizio, Matthew Ingram, Holly Mullen, Matthew LaPlante and Holly Richardson, all journalism professionals, discussed the ways in which journalism is evolving to keep up with today’s technology.
The cause of this phenomenon is partially because of how quickly information is spreading over the Internet through these networking sites.
“The media is all of us now,” LaPlante stated, “it starts to shift before the [professional journalists] can even get off their butt and go at it.”
This is because the news is such a constant thing. Nowadays readers are likely to get news off of Twitter hours before CNN reports the story. Once a story breaks, readers want updates as soon as they happen, and Twitter provides the perfect setting to announce spur-of-the-moment newsbreaks.
“New stories just kind of evolve, they don’t really begin and end,” Ingram said.
So what does this sudden eruption of self-proclaimed journalists mean? Journalists must learn to use blogs, Facebook, Twitter and any other social networking sites as a tool.  Any news story posted for a particular journalistic medium must also be posted on Twitter as a headline, or a link to the actual story on Facebook.
Journalism has become much more than simply reporting the news. The audience is now very closely interacting with current events. Before the popularity of Facebook, blogs and Twitter came about, journalism was simply a “shot in the dark” according to Ingram.
“Blogging transformed the way I thought about what I did because of the feedback,” Ingram said. “It became a process instead of a product. If you have comments and feedback, it affects the way you do your job: it becomes part of your job.”
These social networking sites, however, gray the line between libel laws, making them hard to decipher. Where do libel and privacy laws place in new media?
“You can’t sue the whole world, it’s not as simple as printing a retraction…libel law and those things are also in the process of evolving,” said Ingram.
This leaves writers to do their own self-editing and to be wary of First Amendment issues from younger and younger ages.
So how does classic journalism fit in with technology? LaPlant still believes that there is a place for it: “It’s a moment of reflection and pause,” he said, explaining that newspapers/magazines take news at a slower, less stressful pace.
Overall the discussion was informative for anyone connected with social networking or journalism.
“I like the aspect of the reader becoming the reporter,” said Meish Roundy, a journalism major at the University. “It really opened my eyes to the tools that are available for anyone to use.”
Some attending the event, however, were not so happy with the overall message.
“I think all these networking sites like Facebook or Twitter…make being a journalist so much more complicated,” said Sarah Hillam, a student at the University of Utah. “You are always having to keep up with changing technology.”
Whatever their viewpoint, aspiring journalists are going to have a lot of new technology to keep up with, with the increasing number of smart phones and tablets on the market.
LaPlante, however, gave advice for these future reporters when he said “be meaningful, be accurate, be relevant, be impactful.”
For more information, or to listen to this broadcast visit:

Word Count: 583

The Ever-Changing Classroom: Technology Today

Story by Kourtney Mather

Technology is a constantly changing subject in today’s world. Every year new gadgets and apps come out, changing a wide spectrum of possibilities: from how jobs are done, to how cultures worldwide operate.  One area in which technology is changing is education; how materials and information are communicated to students, and how students learn and do their homework.
Today it is common for a student to find course materials, assignments, quizzes, and teachers’ comments all online.  This makes interacting with a teacher possible without ever speaking face-to-face.
In the duration of the last eight years alone, technology has progressed dramatically, increasing and improving with each consecutive year.
“We still used WEBCT back then,” said a 2003 University of Utah graduate, Jason Carter, of his college days. “They would mostly use it for syllabi and notes. In my senior year they starting putting quizzes up online too.”
This has not only made life more convenient for students, but it has sped up the learning process in classrooms, as well as making schooling an option for students who have difficult a schedule to work around.
“In 2002 most students showed up to class with a notebook and a pen,” explained Cory Stokes, the director of the Technology Assisted Curriculum Center at the University of Utah. “Many of today’s students walk into class with laptops or smart phones served by a high-speed wireless connection. They can access documents or look up information in a second – often answering their own questions.”
Stokes continues to explain the benefits of technology in school, “Perhaps the biggest technological advancement has been the explosion of fully-online classes, which sets students free to work class around the rest of their schedule.”
Even some of the older generation believes that that it would have been nice to have technology in their day. Forty years ago, everything was done with a paper and pencil, and the Internet was only a vague idea that few had heard of.
Jane Ridd, a class of 1970 graduate from the University of Utah said of today’s technology, “It would be so much more convenient, you wouldn’t have to get yourself through a storm to turn in your paper. When I was in school, an overhead projector was considered high tech.”
With technology progressing so quickly, it’s nearly impossible to imagine what a classroom may be like in even twenty years.  Stokes, however, did give a good idea of what to expect in the next couple years for the university.
“The new Canvas course system will replace the WebCT system by summer 2012,” Stokes explained. “Students can tell Canvas where they want to receive many different kinds of messages from their classes. You might have Canvas send your class announcements to Facebook and due date reminders as a text to your phone. Students will also like the Canvas mobile app when it is release this spring.”
While these changes are easy to imagine and close at hand, one thing is for certain about the far off future: technology will continue to progress and improve classroom communication and organization for years to come.

Word count: 547

Mixed Reviews on Safety of New Paths

By Stephanie Graves

Mixed Reviews on Safety of New Paths

With the completion of the HPER bicycle path at the University of Utah, some students and faculty view this as a progressive step towards the future for transportation at the University.  Others believe that the hilly terrain of the University’s campus make these paths a recipe for disaster.

“I have never been hit by bikers, but I have seen a couple of close calls,” said Chris Bond, a business student at the University of Utah.

Bond frequently treks across campus and especially on the new bike path created along the HPER highway.

“I have noticed that the majority of the time when there is a close call, it is often due to lack of communication from the cyclist or reckless driving,” said Bond.

With the implementation of the new bicycle paths, there is an opportunity to reduce the number of cyclist/pedestrians accidents.

The new bike path, which is located along HPER Mall and University Street had been “in the works” for 3 years and was completed early last year.

“The HPER Mall bicycle path was the only path on campus constructed last year. Salt Lake City Transportation reduced University Street to one lane each way and installed bicycle lanes,” said Chad Larsen, University Commuter Services Manager.

The new bike path was constructed to ease campus traffic and create a safer environment for pedestrians and cyclists to maneuver around campus. Many students are not observing the signs designating the paths as “bicycles only.”

After witnessing a cyclist skid to the ground on approaching the newly constructed path, architecture student Kaleb Larsen said, “You don’t realize there is a dangerous situation until something like this happens.”

Even though there was a campus-wide release informing students that the cyclist/boarder/scooter speed limit is 10 mph, there is rarely enough numbers among the campus police to constantly monitor these paths and cite offenders.

“Many bicycle incidents and crashes are underreported to the (campus) police department,” said Chad Larsen.

And while it is those involved in the accidents duty to report these incidents, they rarely do.

With the development of this new bike path, Chad Larsen believes that the path will reduce bicycle and pedestrian conflicts and allow the cyclists to ride to their destination more efficiently.

Even though this new bicycle path along the HPER highway is less than a year old, there are already plans to expand the bicycle network across campus.

“Currently the University is completing a Bicycle Master Plan. The bicycle network is organized in short term, medium term and long term projects,” said Chad Larsen.

With the addition of the new path along HPER highway and future plans for more bicycle paths, it is important for all students to be aware of their surroundings and each other.

Chad Larsen said, “Bicyclists and pedestrians need to be aware of their surroundings on shared sidewalks and Trax stations. “

If students and faculties are more aware of their surroundings and each other on and near these paths, these paths will create a huge impact on the efficiency and traffic flow around campus.

Internships Are a Necessity

Story by Elysia Yuen
With spring 2012 graduation around the corner, University of Utah students will be preparing to professionally compete in the job market.
However, students have an advantage in the workforce. Jim White, Assistant Director for Career Services at the University of Utah, said, “Students with internship experience tend to be the first ones hired after they graduate.”
Completing an internship in undergraduate studies will set applicants apart as a student and give them a head start in the professional arena.
“[Internships] allow you to find the answers by yourself and incorporate a lot of teamwork,” said Jessica Woeppel, a current University of Utah student.
The Career Services website describes an internship as “an experience that relates to your major and/or planned career goal, is a responsible position with professional supervision, and provides university-level learning experience.”
John Rith, a former University of Utah student said, “The opportunity to do [internships] and learn in person rather than in a book is a method of learning that cannot be taught inside the classroom.”
Internships are valuable for several reasons explained White from Career Services. They include help in a career-making decision, giving students real-word and first-hand experience, obtaining job-specific skills and competencies that are not obtained in the classroom, material for student resumes, field-related networking opportunities and opportunities for hire.
In an internship and co-op survey released by the National Association of Colleges and Employers in 2011, 58 percent of interns accepted a position at the organization that were eligible for full-time positions. This year is the highest acceptance since 2007.
Although internships are valuable for undergraduate students, the obstacle is obtaining one.
There are several resources available by the university to support students in their professional goals and aspirations.
“[Career Services] give people looking to make a big decision in their life a sense of direction and wisdom from people who have made their own decisions and are happy with their careers,” said Rith.
Resources available include online information about finding and preparing for internships and a career. Services also include career fairs, links to hiring websites and workshops for interviewing, resumes and cover letters. The center is available for alumni and current students.
Melissa Kraft from the career services office advises students to ensure a fulfilling experience.
“My best recommendation is to be sure to connect with your Career Services counselor early in your schooling to ensure you are hearing about all the great internship opportunities,” said Kraft.
Woeppel has used the services and also recommended them to her friends to help build their resumes.
“I like their ‘use the active verbs’ list,” said Woeppel.
The services offered by the University of Utah are intended to help and supplement students in their academic experience outside the classroom.
Kathy Leslie, a career counselor, said, “Career counselors here at Career Services will help act as a ‘tour guide’ to help students decide when the best time for them to seek internships would be.”
“My Philosophy is the student with the most internships win,” said White.
More information about Career Services and the resources available can be found on their website. <;
Word Count: 518

Bold New Look

by Scott Stuart

The National Hockey League concluded its annual winter meeting on Tuesday, Dec. 6, with the league looking differently in comparison to when the meeting began.

Realignment of the NHL was the primary matter of business for the Board of Governors who met both Monday and Tuesday in Palm Springs, Calif.

The Board of Governors – comprised of the 30 owners of NHL teams – knew that a change would likely occur since the sale of the Atlanta Thrashers last summer. The team subsequently moved to Winnipeg yet has remained in the Eastern Conference – a place it did not belong.

“The idea was, I think, to create the best overall solution and I think that’s what they achieved today,” said Mark Chipman, governor and chairman of the Winnipeg Jets, in an interview on Tuesday.

The league voted in a 26-4 decision to realign into four conferences – instead of the previous two – which resemble what were once known as “divisions.” Two conferences will contain eight teams each while the other two contain seven teams each. The new alignment, with conference names yet to be decided, will look as follows:


Along with the restructuring of conferences, the league will now schedule teams to play the majority of their season against inter-conference opponents while facing out-of-conference opponents twice – once at home and once on the road.

“It’s going to be a little weird we’ll only be playing [the Vancouver Canucks] twice,” said David Bolland, a member of the Chicago Blackhawks and an arch nemesis of the Canucks. “I’m going to have to find some new guys to bother around the league.”

Although Bolland and the Blackhawks will miss the frequency of play against the Canucks, they are happy to retain their rivalry with the Detroit Red Wings, according to Joel Quenville, the coach of the Blackhawks.

Along with shaking up some rivalries, the NHL’s new format includes a change to the playoff structure marking the end of the Western and Eastern conferences. In place of the present system that admits the top-eight teams to the playoffs from each of the two conferences, each conference will now send its top-four teams. The first two rounds of the playoffs will be used to crown a conference champion who will then continue their quest to obtain the Stanley Cup.

“Down the road, if it means Calgary plays Edmonton in a playoff series, that would be a great thing,” said Kevin Lowe, the Edmonton Oilers president of hockey operations.

Edmonton and Calgary have a natural rivalry as the only two teams from the Alberta province of Canada. The two teams now have a chance to meet in the playoffs routinely as part of the same conference.

To some, this plan feels like a warm blanket, according to Greg Wyshynski of Yahoo! Sports. Wyshnski points out that the new format is reminiscent of hockey’s roots back in the 1980s – something that old puckheads will be fond of. Back then, the league consisted of four-divisions that resembles the new conferences.

Although many are happy, there are others making their discontent heard.

“I started in this league after the lockout and I’ve been used to two conferences, 15 teams, eight teams make the playoffs and I kind of like it that way,” said Alexander Burrows, a forward for the Canucks, on Tuesday. “Travel-wise, maybe we’re going to save on some flights going north-south as opposed to east-west. It might be easier to go to bed at night, but some teams might have less points than a team that will finish fifth in another conference and get in, so I don’t understand that.”

While the Canuck’s remained relatively unscathed by the realignment, the Tampa Bay Lightning’s situation worsened. Instead of playing the bulk of their schedule against Washington, Florida, and Carolina, they will be spending a great deal of time in the Northeast and Canada.

“Maybe we should build a practice facility in Vermont,” said Marty St. Louis, a forward for the Lightning. “And [we could] live in Vermont and take little flights here and there, live in the hotel when we come for home stretches.”

Similar reactions were felt throughout the NHL as players tried to grasp the outcome of Tuesday’s meeting.

“I think you have to do what’s right for the greater good of the 30 teams involved,” said Chipman. “I don’t think any one particular alignment is going to address everybody’s needs.”

The new alignment will become effective at the start of the 2012-13 season.

Clearing Minds During Unclear Times

by Scott Stuart

Students gathered to fill the Marriot Library’s Gould Auditorium late last month to learn more about the state of the U.S. economy from Floyd Norris, chief financial correspondent for The New York Times.

Norris spoke highly of Andrew Mellon, former U.S. Treasurer of 12 years, and his philosophies. Mellon had crossed Norris’s mind due to the current economic climate being similar to that of Mellon’s reign.

Mellon held a lassiez-faire like philosophy in that the government should lay off and allow things to return to normal on their own – a philosophy that retains believers to this day.

“Don’t blame Wall Street, don’t blame the big banks, if you don’t have a job and you’re not rich, blame yourself,” said Norris quoting GOP presidential candidate Herman Cain, a fellow believer of Mellon’s philosophy. Mellon, Cain and company believe that it’s the poor’s fault that they are poor.

“Never mind that there are fewer jobs than people looking,” said Norris in one of his many satirical retorts of that afternoon.

Norris continued his humorous ways when speaking about his outlook on the current state of the economy.

“[I’m] not pessimistic now, but partially because I am optimistic,” said Norris.

The summer of 2009 was supposed to mark the end of the economic recession, Norris reported. The job market had picked up and the stimulus seemed to be working; however, it wasn’t the case. The argument now is over why the stimulus failed.

Some are arguing that it is pointless to reattempt a stimulus now due to its previous failure. To this, Norris gave an analogy of a student who studied for a test and did poorly and thus decided to not study for future exams for it would be pointless.

Norris mentioned President Barack Obama’s involvement in regulating mortgage financing as a means of stimulus. Under current law, people are ineligible to apply for refinancing if their home is valued at less than their mortgage.

Obama’s hope is to stimulate the economy by relieving the debt of some struggling Americans. Norris suggested that Wall Street investors would be the big losers if the act goes through. Banks would be allowed to subsequently reduce one’s debt to the value of the collateral owed.

Today, little sympathy is held toward borrowers while much hostility is held toward banks, according to Norris.

“[There is] plenty of willingness now to penalize banks,” said Norris. “[However], bank settlements are not going to the people who really need it.”

The U.S. government’s handling of the economy, amongst other factors, has found itself at an all time low for citizen trust – 10 percent.

“When credit is easy, it is a lot of fun,” said Norris enthusiastically reminiscing a pre-recession economy when trust levels were higher.

Norris believes that it is those “easy” times that regulators are needed most.

“[My job] is to take the punch bowl away just when the party is getting good,” said Norris in quoting former Chairman of the Federal Reserve William McChesney Martin.

“Don’t keep it out, add more to it, or make it bigger,” said Norris. “Bad regulation and lack of regulation got us into this mess.”

Norris suggested that a paradigm shift of some sort would need to occur before the economy stabilizes.

“[We are] at least seven years away from it being solved,” said Norris. “[That is] from when it blew out – not today.”

Many students found the lecture to be entertaining as well as very educational and informative.
“He made things easier to follow by adding humor,” said Julie Burggraf, a student at the University of Utah. “I don’t follow all of the details, but I feel a bit better [about the state of the economy] now.”

“He gave some great examples and brought my attention to what is going on [in the economy],” said Montana Peterson, another student at the U of U. “I was unaware of the things that were happening.”

Requirements of educational sign language interpreters being altered

Story by Shannon Hunter

Should educational interpreters of American Sign Language master the subject they’re interpreting as well as the language? Some say no, while others involved in the culture are beginning to require it.
Currently, there is no overall agreement on what the qualifications of a certified American Sign Language interpreter should be. Specifically, whether a college degree should, or shouldn’t, be required before certification completion of educational interpreters at the college level.
Interpreting certification programs have various requirements. Some common steps include: completing a formal interpreting training program, and taking both a writing and performance test. Aside from those basic stages, different companies who hire interpreters do not always hold the same standards.
The majority of interpreting companies prefer the National Association of the Deaf (NAD) or the Registry of Interpreters of the Deaf (RID) certification for their interpreters. RID requires the interpreters they certify to have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree. In the past, NAD has not.
However, in 2003, NAD passed a motion that requires hearing candidates to have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree starting June of 2012, and the same for deaf candidates starting in 2016.
While standards are changing within the process of certification, there are still people who believe that a degree is not necessary for educational interpreters as long as the language has been mastered.
“Having a degree is of course beneficial for anyone… That said, I do not think it is essential for an ASL interpreter to have a BA/BS degree in order to interpret for college students,” said Julie Smith, the interpreter coordinator at Salt Lake Community College.
“The certification process is very strenuous and the amount of time required to become an interpreter at the Professional State Certification (level) or to hold National Interpreter Certification literally takes years.  These folks are highly skilled in working between English and ASL,” said Smith.
Smith mentioned the advantage interpreters have going into college-level courses because of the way classes build on top of each other. She used the example of if an interpreter is assigned to a deaf student who declared a major in Engineering. The opportunity to interpret the basic classes would help in “gaining a background in the topic and then (become) more prepared to interpret in advanced/upper division courses.”
On the other hand, there are those who believe that an interpreter should have personal experience in the setting they are interpreting in.
“I strongly support interpreters to have college degrees because of the educational context, environment, and language,” said Carol MacNicholl, the coordinator of Deaf Services at the University of Utah.
Kathleen O’Connell, a student of American Sign Language at the University of Utah, agrees.
“I think of it as what you would want a tutor or a teacher’s assistant for a class to know. Even though they’re not the teacher, you want them to have at least a little background on the subject, right?” said O’Connell.
Though there is a consensus that mastering American Sign Language should be the main priority of interpreters, some people want to shine a light on the value of understanding what is being interpreted; a quality they believe should be a locked-in standard.
O’Connell said, “I would want the same for an interpreter so they themselves understand what they’re translating.”

Floyd Norris Can Save the Economy

Story by Marquis Newman

On Wednesday, Oct. 26, Floyd Norris, the chief financial correspondent for The New York Times, discussed that concessions, such as another stimulus and extending low interest rates on mortgages, need to be done to help the U.S. economy.  These concessions could help get the U.S. economy out of flux.

In the midst of a presidential election, Republicans and Democrats are debating and arguing about the economy, whose fault it is that the U.S. economy is bad and what can be done to fix the economy. Norris has many valid points on the subject and joked that maybe President Barack Obama and U.S. Rep. Eric Cantor should read one or two of his columns.

Many Republicans believe that a stimulus does not work. “There are a lot of references to Obama’s failed stimulus plan,” said Norris. He joked that the national government not trying another round of stimulus is similar to a student who studies for a test, but does poorly and says “Well there is obviously no point in studying.” Norris said the government should try another stimulus and maybe it could be a short term alternative, until politicians can figure out a long term solution.

Extending the benefits of low interest rates on mortgages is something that Norris said he believes will benefit the economy and will help people who really need the low interest rates.

“Many people can’t refinance,” according to Norris, who argued that letting somebody re-borrow money at a lower interest rate does not increase the credit risk, but might actually let people pay the debts they owe when they wouldn’t have been able to before.

“Credit gets you places,” said Laurie Carlson, a student at the University of Utah who attended the event. If decreasing the requirements to get a lower interest rate on a mortgage doesn’t increase risk and helps out the homeowner’s credit, then banks should look to initiate this.

There are many people to blame for America’s financial crisis.

“We used to take for granted that the government should try to improve the economy and that there were things it could do,” said Norris. The Great Depression, which the recent recession has often been compared to, is used as the model for how to get out of a depression. Economists learned a great deal about how to get out of a recession during that time, but according to Norris, “I think the fact that we never reached a consensus on that [how the Great Depression started], is what went wrong recently.”

Many of the guests who attended the talk believed that Norris’s ideas were excellent and wondered why some of them haven’t already been implemented.

“I wish he could make a bigger difference” said Lauron Bailey, a guest of the event. Another student who was at the event, Sean Gustafson said “He got me to think….this was definitely something that could spark.”

The event ended with Norris answering questions from curious attendees and giving advice to struggling homeowners and job seekers. As some of Norris’s views gain popularity around the financial community, maybe eyes at the nation’s capital will begin to take notice of some of the ideas that Norris has.

Specialized Chair Helps Veterans Go Paragliding

Story by Sean Gustafson

On Sept. 3, 2011 five veterans tested a new type of paraglider over Sun Valley, Idaho. What made this an event noteworthy was that all five of these veterans are suffering from spinal cord injuries (SCI).

The veterans were able to participate in the paragliding by means of a set of specialized chairs called “Phoenix 1.0” and “Phoenix 1.5.”  The “Phoenix” chairs were made from one inch aircraft aluminum tubing allowing for a sturdy 35lb craft.

These chairs were the product of four months of researching and testing from four University of Utah students under the direction of professor Don Bloswick.

Mark Gaskill, of ABLE Pilot, provided the training for the chairs an organization committed to help people with spinal cord injuries, amputations, and neuromuscular diseases into flying-type actives.

To see test runs on the “Phoenix” chairs, go to

Sean Gustafson



Sean Gustafson
Holladay, Utah 84124

Qualifications & Experience
•    Produced Weekly Student Update Promos (2011)
•    Oversaw the production of remotes (2011)
•    Help Revised the station format (2011)
•    Help promote concerts and station for K-UTE student radio (2011)
•    Helped out setting up and running university Halloween Party (2011)
•    Help Planed for Live Remotes and Events (2010-2011)
•    Set up interviews for other DJ (2011)
•    Help Demonstrate the duties of working in a studio during a tours through the studio (2010)
•    Produced Weekly Student News Updates (2010)
•    Help Set up and take down for offsite remotes for MCC Radio (2010-2011)
•    Help managed the studio when under technical difficulties (2010)
•    Help Set up Interviews and contest for MCC Radio (2010)
•    Familiar with starting up sound equipment at the radio station (2010)
•    Efficient with the soundboard equipment, board opting, music holding systems (2010)
•    Official DJ of 5-k run (2010)
•    Attended production meeting for the Salt Lake Community College Radio Station (2010-2011)
•    Help maintained studio area (2010)
•    Hosted and produced a radio program on MCC Radio (2010-2011)
•    Covered 2010 Spring Graduation Commencement ceremonies (2010)
•    Conducted interviews and surveys for MCC Radio (2010)
•    Efficient with interviewing, pre-announcing, and back- announcing (2010)
•    Severed in Activists Committee at University of Utah’s Institute of Religion (2008-2010)
•    Develop and gave presentations for FCCLA (2005)
•    Served a mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (2005-2007)
•    Tended workshops on advertising, publicity, and presentations (2004-2005)

Education History
•    Currently attending University of Utah (2011)
•    Salt Lake Community College (2008-2011)
•    Graduated from Olympus High School-HS Diploma (2005)

Work Experience
•    K-UTE Radio, DJ (Salt Lake City, Utah) (2011)
•    Salt Lake Community College, MCC Radio Studios (Taylorsville, Utah) (2010-2011)
•    Granite School District – Churchill Junior High, sweeper (Salt Lake City, Utah)-(2008)
•    Granite School District –Wasatch Junior High, sweeper  (Salt Lake City, Utah)-(2005)
•    5 Buck Pizza, Customer Service and cook (Salt Lake City, Utah)-(2002-2004)

Positions Held
•    Program Director for Radio SLCC (Salt Lake Community College Radio Station) (2011)
•    News Director for MCC Radio Studio (Salt Lake Community College Radio Station) (2010)
•    Activity Committee Member for LDSSA at the University of Utah (2009-2011)
•    Sports and Recreation Committee Member for LDSSA University of Utah (2009)
•    Missionary for the LDS Church (2005-2007)
•    Vice President of Publicly for FCCLA -in charge of publicity and activities (2004-2005)
•    Olympus High School Homecoming Committee- in charge of activities. (2003-2005)

•    Alison Arndt Wild, Media Coordinator for SLCC Div of Arts & Communication, (801) 957-4587,
•    Bruce Newton, Bishop – 801-272-8596,
•    Rob Branch, Faculty Advisor – Radio SLCC MCC Radio, (801) 957-4537,


From an early age, I have learned to love writing. Due to troubles in reading and speaking in my earlier years, I would spend weeks in the library reading out load anything I could. This helped me read, write and speak better. It was in those halls of books that my love for writing began.

Since then, I have continued to read and write, developing my skills. In the fall of 2010 I reopened the news director position at Radio SLCC (then called Globe Radio). There I oversaw all news stories that were aired on the radio.

Roughly six months later, I became the program director for the entire station. There I wrote and published promos and announcements that would be read over the air.  In addition to this I also assisted in the reformatting of the station and representing the station to faculty and staff in a variety of settings like radio remotes and other station functions.

In the fall on 2011, I transferred to the University of Utah where I am currently working a degree in mass communication.  It is there I hope to gain a greater understanding of how to communicate using the different forms of media that are out there.

Student Journalists Learn the Difference Between Morality and Ethics

Story by Marquis Newman

On Monday, Oct. 3 Jim Fisher, a professor at the University of Utah, gave a lecture to a group of students on the difference between ethics and morality in the context of journalism.

Fisher, a professor in the Department of Communication, is a former journalist and editor for Sunday Magazine, an insert for a Colombia, Mo. newspaper.

Monday’s lecture was to teach students and get them to think critically about the difference between morals and ethics.

“I thought Jim did a great job. He was very credible because he was editor for his own paper, and he opened my eyes to the difference between ethics and morals,” said Alex Goff, a student who attended the lecture.

According to Fisher, “Ethics is a process of making a decision.” Fisher presented different types of stories, scenarios and situations where the students had to make decisions that real journalists would have to make.

After the students made their decisions on each scenario, Fisher emphasized that no matter what the decision was, the student made an ethical decision because he “took the time to think about it.”

Fisher concluded the lecture by saying “The last thing to consider in an ethical argument is more-than likely loyalty.” He asked, what are journalists loyal to? Is it the paycheck, the ideal value of reporting facts and the truth, the community or anything else?
When asked about the lecture, freshman Rachel Maughan praised the “many good details” used and thought the stories made the lecture interesting.

Norris Covers Economic Issues

Story by Steven Blomquist

Norris Covers Economic Issues

“Capitalism messes with a lot of things up but it’s better than the alternatives” said Floyd Norris.
An audience of eager students packed the Marriott Library’s Gould Auditorium to discuss the challenges with the US economy with Floyd Norris, chief financial correspondent for The New York Times.
Norris began by remembering one of the most influential men in American government Andrew Mellon, who served as Treasury secretary in the early 1900’s. Who is said by many “three Presidents served under him.” according to Norris. Mellon was supporter of free-market ideas, urging government to refrain from getting involved.
Quoting Herman Cain, Norris said “Don’t blame Wall Street, don’t blame the big banks, if you don’t have a good job blame you.” There is a lot of talk lately about the struggling job market and expectation for the government to provide jobs for the people.
“While we don’t really have a lot of faith in government now, that lack of faith may have been earned” through a stimulus plan that hasn’t fulfilled on its promises and bad regulation, according to Norris.
This country needs more stimulus, Norris said, comparing it to a student who studied for an exam and did poorly on it doesn’t mean the student shouldn’t study.  The student may need to take the next step and study a bit more or in this case of the economy it may need more stimulus.
“Bad regulation and lack of regulation got us into this mess,” Norris said. “The financial crisis would not have happened if either the financial system or the government regulators had performed better.”
Norris said that the banks are also partly to blame for the today’s economic issues, for allowing people to purchase houses knowing they wouldn’t be able to pay back the loans. Norris said, “We should have intervened before the foreclosures happened.”
Norris also said that it is time to extend a helping hand. One thing Norris mentioned was to give lower interest rates. That would make it so the American people can begin to dig us out of economic downturn.  He said we the economists/American public don’t know how long it is going to take to bounce back but went on to say bounce back could take an upward to seven years from the time economy blew up.
Norris began to close the forum by saying “I love this country… proud to pay taxes and wouldn’t mind paying more to help us get out of this crisis.
“Norris also went on to say, “ (while) capitalism messes… a lot of things up but it’s better than the alternatives.”
Rachel Thomas, a communication major, said it was a good opportunity to learn about the complicated issue of the economy.
“There is so much going about the state of the economy its hard to follow with all the homework we have,” said Thomas. “Opportunities like this allow for college students to take a brake and get informed on what’s going on in the economy.”
Makaylee Pettit, a communication major, said “It was very informative and a great opportunity to hear a national financial journalist take about the current state of the economy.”
“Norris’s presentation was great opportunity for college students to understand why we are in this economic downturn. For college age students don’t have time to focus on todays issues as they are so busy studying textbooks.” Thomas.

Media watch politicians, but who watches the media?

Story by Shannon Hunter

“Our audience is the biggest fact checker we have,” said reporter John Daley referring to the role of citizens in journalism.
This was one of many topics discussed during a panel at the University of Utah’s Hinckley Institute of Politics on Friday, Oct. 28.
The panelists included: Matt Canham, Washington correspondent for the Salt Lake Tribune; John Daley, a reporter for KSL and Deseret News; and Susan Tolchin, a professor at George Mason University.
The importance of reader participation was emphasized throughout the discussion. All three panelists agreed that journalism is different today. The pressure to publish things daily, even hourly, has created a lack of fact checking, thereby increasing the amount of mistakes.
“When you as a reader see a mistake it is your responsibility as a media reader to tell us,” said Canham.
The panelists also talked about the importance of the corrections the readers send in. They also mentioned the effect that mistakes can have on a piece, even when a correction is made. Tolchin confronted the matter of how few people read the corrections, including herself among those who don’t.
Canham said there are different kinds of errors that can be made, not only factual errors. He explained that a mistake can be made in the way a reporter words things in his or her writing and that it can have just as much, if not bigger, of an effect on the piece. According to Canham, this is one of the many ways journalism has changed in this generation.
Canham believes this is an “interesting time to be in the business,” and that the upcoming generation can accomplish the role of journalists.
“It’s the best of times (and) the worst of times,” said Daley when referring to the difficulty in finding jobs while new technology helps reveal more information.
For example, journalists now not only compete with other journalists but also with citizens who can download information or videos from their cell phones to the web and post stories before reporters do. Sarah Vaughn, a member of the audience, considered this an “important issue.”
Tolchin expressed that she’s excited for the current state of the media. She hopes that the future of journalism will correct government issues and keep politicians honest.
Canham said he disagrees with how politics are being reported and that in his reporting he wants to spend his time most effectively and find a way to give his readers both what they need and want.
“It’s like you’re watching coverage for the NFL (and) who’s going to get that touchdown… It’s a big problem,” said Daley, referring to the current trend of reporting about polls and standings instead of proposed policies from the candidates.
Canham agreed, pointing out the importance of the media in elections by influencing what the voters do or don’t know going into the booths. He emphasized that they “are part of this process.”
Laura Qualey, a member of the audience, found the distinction between “reporting relevant things” from irrelevant topics to be the most important issue discussed by the panelists.
When coming to an end, it was clear that all three panelists agreed that while the media needs to keep an eye on politicians citizens need to keep an eye on the media.

Veterans Learn to Fly Solo

Five veterans with spinal cord injuries take to the sky to learn how to paraglide.

By Elizabeth Briggs

SUN VALLEY, Idaho– Despite spinal cord injuries, five veterans will learn to fly solo this weekend using paraglide flight chairs developed by engineers at the University of Utah.

Training for the veterans will be directed by Mark Gaskill from ABLE Pilot who has spent years developing programs to teach disabled persons how to paraglide.

“Able Pilot is an organization committed to getting people with spinal cord injuries, amputations, and neuromuscular diseases safely into the air, piloting, and flying with the minimum amount of assistance,” said Gaskill.

Gaskill proposed the idea of an adaptive paragliding chair to the engineers at the University of Utah, who then made it a reality. Under the direction of Don Bloswick, four students developed the chairs named the Phoenix 1.0 and the Phoenix 1.5. that will enable the veterans to fly.

Beforehand, the veterans will begin Friday by learning how the paraglide functions and how to pilot it. Throughout the following days they will begin by flying 3 feet off the ground, will take several tandem flights and by Monday will be flying solo.

For more information visit the ABLE Pilot website at

Learn From The Past. Change The Future.

Story by Avery Mills

Learning from and not repeating the mistakes made yesterday can help to create a better world for everybody tomorrow.

That was the message during Wednesday’s speech entitled, ‘What’s Wrong With the American Economy?’ presented by Floyd Norris, the chief financial correspondent for the “New York Times.” Fisher stated that he believed that the problems within the U.S. economy at the present time could be traced back to what actually caused the Great Depression.

“The fact that we never reached a consensus then, is critical to what happened recently,” he shared, after summing up what exactly has happened recently.

He placed a great amount of the blame on the banks that had been handing out loans left and right without much thought for how or when all of the money was going to be paid back.

When the banks began to fail and the government issued bailouts to help, that money didn’t go to the people who needed it most, it went right back into the banks. This has made it harder to get a loan, refinance homes and has put even more people into an economic crisis.

Norris explained that the banks are “profiting at the expense of people who can’t refinance.”

At this point, most people realize that the government is not going to be able to save the economy on its own, as Floyd referenced the recurring CBS poll featured in the “New York Times.”

It was asked if the reader “trusted the government to do what is right” with 10 percent answering “almost always,” the lowest percentage answering in the affirmative since the 1970s.

Although this number doesn’t reflect a very positive attitude amongst American citizens, Norris seemed confident that something like this would never happen again, as far as the situation with the banks go.

“A cat won’t jump on a cold stove after jumping on a hot one,” he stated.

It’s not all negative though. Norris sees this as an opportunity for Americans to exercise what he calls “joint sacrifice.” This term can be translated to mean that Americans may have to pay a little more in taxes right now, but it will be the most beneficial option in the long run.

The problem is, people don’t want to sacrifice now, they want results now, and as far as Norris is concerned, he doesn’t see an “easy fix” anytime soon.

At the end of his speech, Norris was asked why all of this information should be important to the audience, as a majority of the crowd was made up of college students for some of whom, the current economic crisis, including home loans and refinancing, isn’t really a major concern at this moment in their lives.

Norris answered, “At some point you will need a job, that is assuming there will be one available with the current state of the economy.”

This affected several people in the audience who quickly realized that if the mistakes of the past continue to be repeated over and over, the future of the economy and everybody’s individual future would be defined by errors that should have and could have been fixed a long time ago.

When Morals and Laws Collide

Story by Scott Stuart

Former Tribune Editor Jim Fisher, now an Associate Professor of Communication at the University of Utah, spoke about ethics in journalism to newswriting students at the U. of U. last month.

Fisher’s speech covered:
•    The differences between the law, morals and ethics
•    How they relate to the Code of Ethics
•    His own experiences as an editor

“There’s a big difference between ethics, law and morality,” said Fisher..
According to Fisher, they lie on a continuum with the law at one end and morals at the other.

“Morality is defined by culture within a set of rules,” said Fisher. “Ethics is a decision making process.”

Fisher described that this decision-making process involves which morals one should confine to within the realm of legality.

The Code of Ethics created by the Society of Professional Journalists guides this decision-process.

“Reporting the truth is what you have to do,” said Brenda Manjuano, a student in the class.

This is in accordance to the first of four standards in the Code of Ethics – “seek truth and report it.” The other three standards are: “minimize harm,” “act independently” and “be accountable.”

“Journalism ethics is about to publish or not to publish, to name or not to name,” said Fisher.

Fisher followed by discussing decisions he was forced to make as an editor.


“It was helpful to hear examples of how these ethical decisions are made,” said Montana Peterson, another student in attendance. “Sometimes you can’t avoid hurting someone.”

Norris Give No One Right Answer To Economy

Story by Stephanie Graves

Norris Gives No One Right Answer to Economy

“The recession officially ended in 2009” said Floyd Norris to a packed room of University of Utah faculty and students.  So if the recession has officially ended then why is the government still actively bailing out banks and companies?  “We can hope that the government has learned its lessons with bailouts.” Said Norris

This is just one of the points that Norris touched upon in his Oct. 26 presentation in the Marriott Library on the U. of U. campus.

With the crowded auditorium of anxious college students and professors, many of who were looking for guidance in this unpredictable job market, Norris summed up how Americans found themselves in a recession.

“When credit is easy, it is a lot of fun” Norris said.  It is no wonder that with banks granting loans of all kinds that the average person would rather take the money now and worry about the consequences later.

80 years ago, the United States was so fiscally conservative that the economist and Secretary of Treasury Andrew Mellon recommended “liquidate labor, liquidate stocks, liquidate farmers, liquidate real estate… it will purge the rottenness out of the system,” to the present day bailout by the government of big companies.  So what has changed?

Norris argued that by setting up the Central Bank in 1913 in the United States, suddenly the Federal Government felt like it was responsible for the well-being of iconic American companies such as Ford, Chrysler and General Motors.

Norris said, “The good news is that Central Bank has learned a lesson.” He affirmed that it would be wise that the government not get involved on such a large scale again.  To this assertion, student Bonnie Adison said, “The government must have some plan for the average citizen, whether it be a bailout or something else.”

Adison was not the only frustrated student after the presentation had concluded.  Shawn Christophson said, “So personal ethics and self-control are the answers to the recession. I just thought there would be more.”

Although the presentation was brief, Norris did drive home his point that “Ethics are not being taught as well as they should be” and there are two parties involved on all loan defaults.

Investors need to do their homework, and if that is not possible, hire someone you can trust,” Norris said.

It is up to the American people to be responsible for their own financial decisions, and while not all newly established laws concerning the economy benefit everyone, it is still those individual’s duty to do their own research, balance their own expenses and ultimately make the decision on what they can afford.

Norris said, “When capital is wasted in a massive way there (are) consequences.”  Whether he meant the government wasting the millions of dollars on the bailout of big businesses or the American population spending recklessly on non-necessities is unclear.

The point that Norris did make quite clear was that it is not wise to wait around for the government to bail out its citizens or solve their problems. One must weigh their own circumstances and make things work to the best of their ability to survive during this recession. (512)